Success Story 1

PROJECT REPORT ON TEST THE PERFORMANCE OF VARIOUS CROPPING SYSTEM INTERVENSIONS

 

 

PROJECT LOCATION:                    SILIGURI SUB DIVISION & JALPAIGURI DISTRICT.

 

 

STAKE HOLDERS:                           CIP, IRRI, CPRI & DEPTT. OF AGRICULTURE GOVT. OF WEST BENGAL.

 

IMPLEMENTING AGENCY:           BORLAUG VISION SOCIETY(BVS).

 

YEAR OF REPORT:                         2017-18 (1ST YEAR).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TO TEST THE PERFORMANCE OF VARIOUS CROPPING SYSTEM INTERVENSIONS.

 

 

 

Introduction:

The green revolution has resulted in boosting the production due to intensive agriculture although it has resulted in good harvests & productivity by reaping three crops in year with balance use of agril inputs. It is very importance to intensify our production system through selection of proper cropping sequence so that the cultivation system will be ecologically sound, socially responsible and economically viable for its long term sustainability.

In West Bengal the land holdings are mostly fragmented and it is mostly occupied by small & marginal farmers. The farmers of North Bengal region are mostly economically weak and cultivate one or two crops in a cropping sequence. A majority of farmers grow long duration Kharif rice which in then followed by boro rice in low land condition and use to grow maize or jute or vegetable in high to medium land situation.

Dept. of Agriculture, International potato Centre (CIP), IRRI & CPRI in collaboration with one NGO plan to organize a project on various cropping sequences to evaluate the best cropping sequence in respect of economic benefit, farmer’s income and sustainability.

The project aims to intensify the production system on a small field by taking potato and boro rice at a time to obtain higher yield of potato and boro(summer) rice  without sacrificing either of  the two crops  thus expanding  potato area and increasing farmers’ income by adopting “Double – Transplanting Technology” (DTT)’s  to intensify the production in potato as nontraditional crop. It saves time and money of the cultivators along-with increased production and income.

In these areas maize is grown in February/March as a solo crop or after potato harvest.   In this system, maize crop matures late and hence damage by pre-monsoon rain.  Research explored the possibility of potato-maize relay crop in medium land situation.

In high land situation ground nut/mung beans is selected after short duration kharif paddy and which is then followed by early maturing short duration potato variety.

Back Ground:

Rice is the staple food and potato is an important cash crop in the sub-tropical Eastern Indo-Gangetic Planes (IGP) of India and Bangladesh. Rice-Rice is the predominant cropping system in IGP. Since potato and boro rice (summer rice) growing period is partially overlaps. Kharif rice – potato – boro rice system is characterized by both positive and negative effects. The positive side of potato is area increase and negative side is lower tuber production by 10 to 20 percent due to early harvest to advanced boro rice cultivation. The positive benefits for boro rice are savings in fertilizer cost, irrigation and land preparation.  On the negative side a delay in boro rice planting after potato harvest, substantially influenced by pest and diseases, moistures stress and high temperature which reduce boro rice yield insignificantly. Double transplanting method for establishment of boro rice in rice + potato + boro rice system overcomes. The problem of early harvest of potato or delayed establishment of boro rice contribute higher yield.

The CIP and IRRI are jointly have planned to study different cropping system in North Bengal to bring more fellow area under potato/ rice by introducing improved varieties.

 We have flash flood affected areas under the Districts of Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar of West Bengal near the foot hills of Bhutan and Siliguri Sub-Division of Darjeeling District near the foot hills of Nepal where the yield of Kharif paddy was badly damaged during heavy rains at monsoon every year.  Some area is also moisture stress effect on kharif rice under rain fed condition. Some medium to high land kept fallow after long duration kharif paddy. Potato can be incorporated in the cropping sequence as cash crop in low land area; in medium land situation immediately after short duration kharif paddy potato-maize relay cropping and potato-ground nut/mung bean cropping sequences are selected for higher economical return of poor farmer of this region.

Short duration moisture stress tolerant rice variety (DRR44) followed by short duration early growing potato variety which is then followed by ground nut in medium to high land condition.

Aims & Objectives:

The main objective is to evaluate different cropping systems where rice – potato are planted in low land, medium lands and up lands and demonstrate technology for adopting rice + potato + double transplanted boro rice system in North Bengal for food security and higher income and employment generation.

 

Generally one (1) or two (2) crops were grown in these areas & the yield of kharif rice affected due to flash flood in some area and also kharif rice affected due to moisture stress in some other areas.  We like to introduce one extra crop with the help of above mention cropping sequence based project along with stress tolerant short duration rice variety for minimizing the crop loss to increase the remuneration of small & marginal farmer through farmer’s interest group approach in collaboration with IRRI, CIP & Dept of Agriculture under Gov. of West Bengal. The project site was selected in small & marginal farmer’s dominant Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri District of North Bengal region of Eastern part of India. The project will be implemented through farmer’s clubs in group led cultivation mode based on participatory approach by an implementing agency- Borlaug Vision Society (NGO).

The farmers are generally kept land fallow after Kharif paddy and then grow Boro Paddy. In the project system we will intensify the cultivation by growing short duration kharif rice followed by early mature potato and then growing of boro rice in low land dominant areas through Double transplanting method where potato as nontraditional crop.

In the project system we will intensify the cultivation by growing short duration kharif rice followed by early mature potato and then growing of ground nut or Mung bean in medium to high land dominant areas.

Specific objectives:

  • A baseline survey to study cropping pattern and farmers economic and social status in Siliguri & Jalpaiguri district.
  • Potato introduced in non-traditional potato growing areas in the existing cropping system.
  • Increase income of small and poor farmers by growing additional crop in the system by new improved varieties and technologies.

 

 

 

 

  • Prospect for introducing new short duration rice and potato varieties with higher yields and better quality studies.

Prevalent Cropping System:

At present in lowland farmers grow boro rice after long duration kharif rice and most of the farmer followed rice-boro rice system in low land condition. In some area farmers grow jute/maize or vegetable after long duration’s kharif rice in medium & high land situation or in a very limited area after potato which leads to poor yield due to soil moisture stress and delayed planting. Introduction of the DT technique after potato proves to be very successful in the system to overcome the poor yield problems by enabling establishment of boro rice in optimum time which contribute early mature and soil moisture stress and high temperature which affect when boro rice is planted late after potato. Some small and marginal farmers prefer early harvesting of potato (at 60-70 days after planting) with a compromise of lower yield compared to fully mature crop because by early harvesting farmers fetches higher price for potato in the market.

In this area maize is grown in February/March as a solo crop after harvest of long duration kharif rice.   In this system, maize crop matures late and hence damage by pre-monsoon rain.  Research explored the possibility of intercropping of maize in standing potato crop as relay cropping so that it matures early and also crop can be saved from the damage of early pre-monsoon rain.

In some areas either Jute or pulses are grown after long duration kharif rice as solo crop. We have under taken short duration kharif rice+ early maturing potato+ Ground nut & short duration kharif rice+ early maturing potato+ Mung Beans in potato nontraditional crop areas to enhance the cropping intensity and also farmer’s income.

The cost of cultivation, total yield after harvesting of each crop was collected of the 7 system of cropping sequences including farmer practice plot.

After harvesting of 3rd crop the collected data of cost of cultivation, total yield & total profit of each cropping sequence was compared based on field data collected.

Accordingly the best cropping sequence can be evaluated based on highest profit as to be earned by the farmers to be considered as the most profit oriented cropping sequences as per land situation.

Participatory farmers

Total 120 farmers including farmer practice plot were selected in 6 blocks, viz Kharibari, Chathat, Rajgunj, Malbazar,Matiali & Jalpaiguri Sadar block of Darjeeling & Jalpaiguri District.

First year total farmers benefited were 171 including 51 woman farmers,120 participating farmers and 51 non-participatory farmers who got motivated by the demonstrations and training and made an effort to diversify the cropping system on their own.

In second year we are planning to incorporate 650 farmers including 150 women farmers during 2019-2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total beneficiaries who got the Training during 2017-18 & 2018-19
Beneficiaries 2017-18 2018-19 Remarks
Total beneficiaries

 

Maynaguri-20, Goursing jote-20, Chathat-15 and Badlagach-10, Gagaldoba-10, Mathachulka-5, Jhakuapara-20, Takimari-10 & Seltarbari-10 Maynaguri-80, Goursing jote-110, Chathat-50 and Rajgunj-25,  and Jhakuapara-20 ,Gagaldoba-55, Mathachulka-10, Maynaguri-50

Kranti-50, Takimari 60

Total: 120 Total-510
Women farmers

 

Maynaguri-8, Goursing jote-11, Chathat-5 & Jhakuapara-10, Maynaguri-10, Gagaldoba-7 Maynaguri-8, Goursing jote-25, Chathat-35 & Jhakuapara-20, Maynaguri-25, Gagaldoba-22, Kranti-22
Total: 51 Total: 157
Motivated Farmers Mynaguri-10, Goursingjote-14

Chathat-3,  Gajaldoba-10,Kranti-3

Badlagach-3, Piprapara-5, Mathachulka-3

Maynaguri-25, Goursingjote-70, Chathat-50 , Jhakuapara-20, Gajaldoba-30, Kranti-25, Maynaguri-50, Mathachulka-8
Total: 51 Total: 270

 

 

 

 

Methodology:

 

The Project study cum demonstrations was organized in two blocks, Kharibar & Phansidewa of Siliguri Sub-Division under Darjeeling District and four blocks, Rajgunj. Malbazar, Matiali & Sadar block of Jalpaiguri Sadar Sub-Division under Jalpaiguri District in North West Bengal to lay out trials with five different cropping sequences with 120 farmers including farmer choice cropping systems in different land situation Viz; low land , medium & high land condition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IRRI-CIP 2017-18 EXPERIMENT OUTLINE ( JALPAIGURI & SILIGURI, WEST BENGAL)
Objective: To test the performance of various cropping system interventions in Jalpaiguri & Siliguri, West Bengal
Experiment Design: Random Sampling.
Total No of Treatments (Cropping System): 7
Total farmers to be studied: 120
Total area to be covered under treatment: 120 Bigha
Treatment Treatment Descriptiion No. of farmers per treatment Area per farmers (in Bihga) Total area per each treatment
A B C D E=(CXD)
T1 Long duration kharif rice + Boro rice
(Farmer’s Practice and Low Land)
10 1 10
T2 Long duration kharif rice + Maize
(Farmer’s Practice and High-Medium Land)
10 1 10
T3 Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanted Boro rice (Low land) 20 1 20
T4 Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal boro rice (Low Land) 20 1 20
T5 Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Mung Beans (High Land) 20 1 20
T6 Short duration kharif rice + Potato + + Maize relay cropping (Medium Land) 20 1 20
T7 Short duration kharif rice + Potato +Ground Nut (High land) 20 1 20
Total 7 Treatments 120   120

Farmers will be randomly selected under each treatment group. Each farmer will follow the suggested treatment in one bigha of land as per above mentioned land condition and treatment details.

We have selected 7 treatments: 1) Long duration kharif rice + Boro rice
(Farmer’s Practice and Low Land). 2) Long duration kharif rice + Maize
(Farmer’s Practice and High-Medium Land) . 3) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanted Boro rice (Low land) . 4) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal boro rice (Low Land) . 5) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Mung Beans (High Land) . 6) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + + Maize relay cropping (Medium Land)7) . Short duration kharif rice + Potato +Ground Nut (High land).

 

 

 

 

Baseline survey:

Immediately after the selection of farmers a baseline study was conducted with the group of farmers capturing various demographic, socio-economic and other related information. The survey was completed prior to the starting of various treatments proposed above with IRRI team.

First we have selected 120 farmers and all the selected farmers were given one ID no at randomly by IRRI survey team. Unit area was one bigha (33 decimel) per farmer and so 20 farmers @ one bigha each was selected per treatment. Accordingly 120 farmers were allotted 120 ID nos. In the same way first 10 farmers allotted ID NO-1 to ID NO-10 in random sampling method and these 10 farmers were selected as farmer practice treatment, i,e TREATMENT-1 (long duration kharif rice +boro rice) containing ID NO-1 to ID NO-10. Similarly next 10 farmers ID NO were selected as farmer practice treatment I,e TREATMENT-2 ID NO-11 to ID NO-20. Then sequentially next 20 farmers were selected as TREATMENT-3(Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanting boro rice) containing ID NO-21 to ID NO-40, TREATMENT-4 (Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal transplanting boro rice) containing ID NO-41 to  ID NO-60, TREATMENT-5 (Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Maize relay cropping) containing ID NO-61 to  ID NO-80, TREATMENT-6 (Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Ground NUT) containing ID NO-81 to  ID NO-100 and last 20 farmers were selected as TREATMENT-7 (Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Mung Beans) containing ID NO-101 to  ID NO-120 on random sampling method in presence of IRRI & CIP representatives.

Block wise/village wise treatments were given in the following table:

Cropping Sequence Type= = Kharif Rice (Short Duration) + POTATO + BORO PADDY (Double Transplangting)
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Goursingjote khoribari Darjeeling 10 10 0
Jhakuya para Jalpaiguri Sadar Jalpaiguri 10 5 5
Cropping Sequence Type=  Kharif Rice (short duration) + Potato + Boro Rice (Direct Transplangting)
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Goursingjote/ Ramdhan
Jote/ Owarisjote/ Prasadujote ( to be treated as one village)
khoribari Darjeeling 10 5 5
Seltarbari Rajgange Jalpaiguri 10 10 0
Cropping Sequence Type=  Kharif  Rice(short duration) + Potato+ Ground Nut
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Moynaguri Khoribari Darjeeling 5 4 1
Dangi Getital/Vimagach
/Mingar/ Nich getital ( to be treated a one village)
Phansidewa Darjeeling 5 4 1
Badlagach Rajgange Jalpaiguri 10 5 5
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cropping Sequence Type=  Kharif Rice(short duration) + Potato +  Mung(Pulse)
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Moynaguri/ Chunilal Khoribari Darjeeling 5 4 1
Dangi Getital/Mingar/ Nich getital ( to be treated as one village) Phansidewa Darjeeling 5 4 1
Pipiripara Rajgange Jalpaiguri 5 0 5
Milanpally(Mathachulka) Metali Jalpaiguri 5 5 0
Cropping Sequence Type= Kharif Rice(Short Duration)+Potato-Maize Intercropping
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Moynaguri Khoribari Darjeeling 5 4 1
Dangi Getital/Mingar/ Nich getital ( to be treated as one village) Phansidewa Darjeeling 10 10 0
Milanpally(Mathachulka) Metali Jalpaiguri 5 5 0
Farmer Practise= Kharif Rice (short duration ) +Vegitable/Maize/Jute
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Badlagach Rajgange Jalpaiguri 5 5 0
Pipiripara Rajgange Jalpaiguri 5 3 2
Farmer Practise= Kharif Rice ( Long duration rice) + Boro Rice
Village Block District No. of farmers Gender
Male Female
Goursingjote / Owarisjote/ Prasadujote ( to be treated as one village) khoribari Darjeeling 5 2 3
Jhakuya para Jalpaiguri Sadar Jalpaiguri 5 4 1

 

20 farmers each with one bigha land are selected for each treatment.

At the beginning of the project a details base line survey was done for all the 120 farmers by IRRI team to know the economic status and other details of the farmers of project areas.

 

 

Again a survey was done by IRRI after harvesting of each crop to know the profit-loss and other details.

The details data of cost of cultivation as per activity wise i,e the cost of land preparation, seedbed preparation, sowing/transplanting, weeding, fertilizer & pesticides application, threshing and other labour charges were collected for each crop separately and then the data of yield, market price & profit of each crop after harvesting were collected separately for all the 120 farmers in selected cropping sequence in different locations including farmer practice treatment.

Results:

 

Results revealed that in all the project sites among the different cropping sequences:

Long duration kharif rice + Boro rice
(Farmer’s Practice and Low Land). 2) Long duration kharif rice + Maize
(Farmer’s Practice and High-Medium Land) . 3) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanted Boro rice (Low land) . 4) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal boro rice (Low Land) . 5) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Mung Beans (High Land) . 6) Short duration kharif rice + Potato + + Maize relay cropping (Medium Land) 7) . Short duration kharif rice + Potato +Ground Nut (High land).

In table 1 & table 2 the average data on cost of cultivation (expenditure in Rs), yield data and Net Income in Rs of farmer practice plot were given in details and table 3, table 4, table 5, table 6 & table 7 contained  the average data on Long duration Kharif rice + boro rice, Long duration Kharif rice + Maize, Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanting boro rice, Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal transplanting boro rice in low land situation, kharif rice + Potato + Mung Bean (Pulse),Short duration kharif rice + Potato –Maize relay cropping in medium land situation and  Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Ground Nut  with the details on farmers cost of cultivation and  Net Income n Rs were given in Annex-A, Annex-B, Annex-C, Annex-D, Annex-E, Annex-F & Annex-G respectively.

In Annex-A the details data of cost of cultivation as per activity wise i,e the cost of land preparation, seedbed preparation, sowing/transplanting, weeding, fertilizer & pesticides application, threshing and other labour charges were collected for each crop separately and then the data of yield, market price & net income in Rs of each crop after harvesting were tabulated separately.

On the basis of Annex-A the final data was calculated and the data reflected in Table-1 with all the 10 farmers having ID NO-1 to ID NO-10 with the farmer practice treatment (Long Duration Kharif Rice + Boro Rice).

Similarly on the basis of Annex-B, Annex-C, Annex-D, Annex-E, Annex-F, Annex-G the final data were calculated and reflected in Table-2, Table-3, Table-4, Table-5, Table-6 &Table-7 respectively for all the cropping sequences.

The last table, i,e Table-8 (Summary Table) contained the average data of all the seven treatments.

It is evidenced from summary table (Table-8) the highest average economic benefit was earned from the short duration Kharif rice +potato + Ground Nut where net annual income was Rs 38034.95 which was then followed by short duration Kharif rice +potato + Maize as relay crop where net annual income was Rs 31995.45 in  medium land condition.

The highest average net income in Rs was evidenced from the short duration Kharif rice +potato + Dt boro rice where net annual income was Rs 31879.35 and the Rs 30407.25 was earned from short duration Kharif rice +potato + Normal boro rice based cropping sequence in low land situation.

 

 

 

The lowest average net income annually Rs 29993.20 was found in short duration Kharif rice +potato + Mung beans.

The average income of farmer in farmer practice plot was Rs 5277.60 & Rs 12090.20 per annum which was fur below than either any of new cropping sequence as considered in this study cum farmer’s field demonstration as reflected in summary table.

Baseline study as was conducted with the group of farmers capturing various demographic, socio-economic and other related information. The survey was completed prior to the starting of various treatments proposed above with IRRI team.

After competition of this study in 3rd years we can compare with baseline survey to measure the socio-economic status of farmers in the project implementing areas as another baseline survey will be done at the end of the project.

 

TABLE-1 : Farmer Practice plotLONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + BOROPADDY

 

T – 1 AVARAGE DATA ON LONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + BOROPADDY
ID NO- 01 – 10
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (in Rs.) ADDRESS
1 10634 16000 5366 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
2 9780 16500 6720 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
3 10531 15500 4969 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
4 10346 16750 6404 OWARIS JOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
5 9610 15000 5390 OWARIS JOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
6 11070 14500 3430 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
7 9720 14000 6700 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
8 11098 14750 3652 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
9 9870 15000 5130 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
10 10235 15250 5015 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (102894 /10) (153250 / 10) (52776 / 10) Number of farmer – 10
=10289.4 =15325 =5277.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-2 : Farmer Practice plot: ON  LONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + MAIZE

 

T – 2 AVARAGE  DATA ON  LONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + MAIZE ( FARMER PRACTICE  )
ID NO- 11  – 20
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
11 13140 19100 5960 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
12 10285 18260 7975 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
13 15691 44400 28709 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
14 10912 21200 8678 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
15 24644 35000 10856 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
16 16215 38000 21785 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
17 13455 18050 4595 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
18 12610 18500 5890 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
19 22250 34750 12500 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
20 13046 27000 13954 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (152248 /10) (274260 / 10) (120902 / 10) Number of farmer – 10
=15224.8 =27426 =120902

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-3 : SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADY + POTATO + BOROPADDY DOUBLE TRANLANTING

 

T – 3 AVARAGE DATA ON SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADY + POTATO + BOROPADDY DOUBLE TRANLANTING
ID NO- 21 – 40
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
21 25197 62625 37428 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
22 23681 58900 35219 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
23 26595 57100 30505 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
24 23530 53550 29520 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
25 23587 50000 26413 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
26 25805 61875 36150 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
27 24539 60500 35961 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
28 25065 61150 34220 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
29 23124 50400 27276 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
30 23259 57000 33741 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
31 22551 52500 29949 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
32 22614 56250 33636 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
33 23681 58900 35219 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
34 27015 57100 30155 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
35 23359 57000 33841 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
36 22058 49500 27442 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
37 24600 56850 32250 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
38 24200 49500 25300 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
39 25219 61250 36031 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR/ JALPAIGURI
40 22669 43700 27331 JHAKUYAPARA/SADOR / JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (482348 /20) (1115650 / 20) (637587 / 20) Number of farmer – 20
=24117.4 =55782.5 =31879.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-4 : SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + BOROPADDY (DIRECT TRANSPLANTING)

 

T – 4 AVARAGE DATA ON SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + BOROPADDY (DIRECT TRANSPLANTING)
ID NO  –  41 –  60
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
41 23575 50000 26425 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
42 23204 51825 28921 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
43 25045 52325 27550 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
44 23766 54750 30984 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
45 22535 52125 29590 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
46 23985 51625 27640 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
47 21130 58750 33185 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
48 24310 65250 40940 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
49 24056 62550 38494 OWARIS JOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
50 22980 55525 32545 GOURSINGJOTE/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
51 23875 30875 33185 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
52 22206 46550 24344 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
53 23715 51825 28110 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
54 22065 52125 33185 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
55 22035 50700 28665 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
56 25158 54250 29092 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
57 24350 52375 28025 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
58 23850 51875 27325 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
59 24330 50625 26295 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
60 23355 57000 33645 SELTARBARI / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (469525 /20) (998175 / 20) (608145 / 20) Number of farmer – 20
=23476.25 =49908.75 =30407.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-5 : SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MUNG

 

T – 5 AVARAGE DATA ON SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MUNG
ID NO –  61 – 80
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
61 22079 52850 30773 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
62 23170 64820 41650 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
63 20930 63150 42220 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
64 23120 69600 46480 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
65 23069 50040 26971 CHUNILAL / KHORIBARI /  DARJEELING
66 21960 52750 30790 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
67 22420 47200 24780 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
68 20930 63150 42220 NICH GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
69 21760 49300 27540 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
70 22463 44400 21937 NICH GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
71 21514 50165 19921 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
72 21033 41200 20167 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
73 22220 63150 26005 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
74 21470 51365 29895 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
75 21690 43720 22030 PIPRIPARA / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
76 25129 50225 27531 MILANPALLY / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
77 20930 63150 38560 MILANPALLY / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
78 20839 48085 27246 MILANPALLY / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
79 21506 47020 25514 MILANPALLY / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
80 21650 47500 27650 MILANPALLY / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (439862 /20) (1062840/ 20) (599864 / 20) Number of farmer – 20
=21993.1 =53142 =29993.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-6 : SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MAIZE RELAY CROPPING

 

T – 6 AVARAGE DATA ON SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MAIZE
ID NO –  81 – 100
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
81 23335 63120 39785 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
82 22595 52700 30105 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
83 22520 54940 32420 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
84 22589 49700 27111 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
85 22590 47430 24240 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
86 21985 51690 29505 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
87 21560 47640 26080 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
88 23014 59320 36360 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
89 22280 58260 35980 NICH GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
90 22960 48810 25850 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
91 22160 54230 32070 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
92 21785 49370 27585 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
93 21360 56060 34700 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
94 22390 54930 33070 NICH GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
95 22688 53310 30622 NICH GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
96 22270 52650 30380 MATHACHULKA /MATIALI / JALPAIGURI
97 20860 50670 29810 MATHACHULKA /MATIALI / JALPAIGURI
98 21485 53650 32165 MATHACHULKA /MATIALI / JALPAIGURI
99 22615 49810 27195 MATHACHULKA /MATIALI / JALPAIGURI
100 21662 49100 27438 MATHACHULKA /MATIALI / JALPAIGURI
AVARAGE (444703 /20) (1057390/ 20) (639909 / 20) Number of farmer – 20
=22235.15 =52869.2 =31995.45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE-7 : SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + GROUNDNUT

 

T – 7 AVARAGE  DATA ON SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + GROUNDNUT
ID NO  –  101 -120
ID NO COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) TOTAL SALE AMOUNT

(in Rs.)

NET INCOME (IN RS) ADDRESS
101 24193 52850 28654 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
102 25130 63700 37380 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
103 24795 57850 33055 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
104 24025 61500 37475 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
105 24623 63950 39327 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
106 22200 57200 35000 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
107 25949 63750 37801 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
108 24469 59272 33567 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
109 22844 55800 34169 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
110 23884 57150 33266 BADLAGACH / RAJGANJ / JALPAIGURI
111 24218 59640 35422 VIMAGACH / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
112 25333 66510 41177 VIMAGACH / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
113 23869 57100 33231 VIMAGACH / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
114 24788 66700 41912 DANGI GETITAL / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
115 23555 69040 45485 MINGAR / PHANSIDEWA /  DARJEELING
116 26949 75640 48691 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
117 25174 71130 45956 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
118 25453 64400 38947 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
119 22844 64120 41276 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
120 23604 62510 38906 MOYNAGURI/KHORIBARI/ DARJEELING
AVARAGE (487859 /20) (1249812 / 20) (760697 / 20) Number of farmer – 20
=24392.95 =62490.6 =38034.85

 

 

TABLE 8: SUMMERY TABLE OF ALL CROPPING SEQUENCE AT A GLANCE:

 

SL/NO NAME OF CROPPING SEQUENCE TOTAL NO OF FARMER’S AVARAGE  COST OF CULTIVATION (in Rs.) AVARAGE SALE PRICE (IN RS) AVARAGE NET INCOME (IN RS) FARMER’S ID
1   LONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + BOROPADDY 10 10289.4 15325.0 5277.6  01 – 10
2   LONG DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + MAIZE ( FARMER PRACTICE  ) 10 15224.8 27426.0 12090.2  11 – 20
3   SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY + POTATO +  BOROPADDY DOUBLE TRANLANTING 20 24117.4 55782.5 31879.35 21 –  40
4  SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + BOROPADDY (DIRECT TRANSPLANTING) 20 23476.25 49908.75 30407.25 41 –  60
5 SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MUNG 20 21993.1 53142.0 29993.2 61 – 80
6 SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO + MAIZE 20 22235.15 52869.2 31995.45 81 – 100
7 SHORT DURATION KHARIF PADDY  + POTATO +

GROUNDNUT

20 24392.95 62490.6 38034.85 101 -120

  

Conclusion:

In the first year average net income from Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Ground Nut cropping sequence is the highest in high land situation which is then followed by Short duration kharif rice + Potato –Maize relay cropping in medium land but in low land situation the highest net income per annum was calculated from Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Double transplanting boro rice based cropping sequence by individual farmer. Though the average net income from Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Normal transplanting boro rice in low land situation and Short duration kharif rice + Potato + Mung Bean (Pulse) in high land situation are still fur better from either of the farmer practice treatment i,e long duration kharif rice +boro rice in low land situation & Long duration kharif rice + Maize in high land situation. These are all clearly understood from above bar diagram.

In the low land situation the double transplanting technology help for better yield and higher net income by the individual farmer.

Again the productivity of potato, rice & other crops were found to be higher in the demonstration which was at par or higher than average production at these locations due to providing quality seeds, cultivation package, timely planting & training to the demonstrated farmers.  As potato & other crops were harvested early which on the other hand help the farmer to fetch higher price and better income as compared to traditional cultivation system of these areas.

Long duration Kharif rice takes 150-170 days in the field as a result farmer cannot grow more than 2 crops in a year. Due to incorporation of short duration Kharif rice like DRR-44, Shabaghi, Bina 11 mostly 100 days to 115 days mature variety by the technical assistance of IRRI we are able to include one extra crop in these cropping sequences in this study.

As Potato was incorporated as extra crop in all these potato nontraditional crop areas in the selected cropping sequence farmer’s income increasing manifold in the first year.

Similarly Maize, Ground Nut & Mung Beans were included in these cropping sequences as extra crop and the same time soil also rejuvenate as Ground Nut & Mung are leguminous crop.

As the Baseline study was conducted with the group of farmers capturing various demographic, socio-economic and other related information immediately after selection of location & farmers then, overall socio-economic development in the project farmers can be measured at the end of 3rd year study when another details base line survey will be conducted.

In the next year we are planning to introduce these cropping sequences in the Kharif fallow land and in some new areas to replace tobacco as Central Government pressurizing hard to trap Kharif rice fallow area to increase cropping intensity and also replacement of tobacco in tobacco growing areas.