- Promotion of new technology like System of Assured Rice Production (SARP) in Kharif Rice (System of Assured Rice Production in Kharif (SARP (K))This is modified SRI system where healthy & energetic paddy seedlings can be raised with specific package of practice in seed bed and then the seedlings to be planted in the main field in specific distance with one seedling per hill.
This system seemed to be more acceptable for the soil condition, weather and socio economic condition of the farmers of West Bengal.
In this system seedlings of 40 to 50 days old and even more can be transplanted with following advantages:
a)Disease-pest and weed infestation less. b) No specific machining is required) c) Low cost of cultivation as compared to traditional system d) Crop can be harvested 10-12 days earlier with 10-12 % more yield.
- Raising of seedlings through Micro Pot of Mustard, Maize, Vegetables & Off season Vegetables, flowers for early transplanting immediately after harvesting of kharif paddy and also growing crop in Zero till condition.
We can raise healthy disease free seedlings of Maize, Mustard, Sunflower and different vegetables & flowers in micro pot under control condition by using suitable growth media with low cost and short time.
This method is very effective for off season vegetable cultivation and cultivation of Mustard, Maize, and Sunflower can be done immediately after harvesting of Kharif Paddy through resource conservation technology by use of soil hole maker with minimal tilling mechanism.
This method is requires less seed rate and healthy seedlings may be ready for transplanting within 12-15 days.
3.System of Assured Rice Production in Boro (SARP (Boro):
In boro paddy main problem is germination and seedlings rising in seed bed. Particularly in North Bengal due to low temperature seed bed mostly affected with chilling effect (cold injury) which gradually leads to yellowing & ultimately seedlings became weak. Generally poor yield achieved from these weak seedlings.
In Cannel irrigated areas of Jalpaiguri District, Siliguri Sub-Division & Islampur Sub-Division farmers prepared seed bed after release of Cannel water. As a result cultivation of boro paddy delayed and during harvesting mature crops gets affected by pre monsoon rain (April-May).
In Boro SARP system germination problem can be overcome by special Sampad Seed Germinator (SSG) technique and seed bed management can be necessarily done through covering of entire seed bed by a polypropylene shit with a specific technique for raising health boro seedling with in short period.
In Channels irrigated areas boro seedlings can be raised timely by keeping with minimum soil moisture with the help of these polypropylene technology in community basis approach.
4. Zero Tillage in Maize: It’s a resource conservation Technology. Maize can be planted through Zero Tillage Machine immediately after harvesting of Kharif paddy by utilizing residual moisture and minimal tillage operation.
5.Production of Vegetable crops through Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) and gradually converting to organic farming and to develop marketing channel with the introduction of Organic Stall concept by cluster approach.
6.Potato seed production under low cost temporary net houses in North Bengal
Marginal farmers of West Bengal are importing potato seed from North India mainly from Punjab. The poor farmers have to pay very high price of this so called certified seed and this reduces margin of their profit from potato cultivation. The seed imported is not of high quality and majority of farmers do not get seed timely. A low cost technology of producing basic seed in temporary net house is being used successfully in North Bangladesh and validated in Maharashtra and Karnataka. Tuber Crops Research Center (TCRC) Bangladesh, BRAC and Department of Agriculture, Bangladesh are producing more than 5000 MT basic seed through this technology. Borlaug Vision Society with the assistance of Dept. of Agriculture in collaboration with CIP/CPRI want to replicate this technology in North Bengal so that farmers can get locally produced quality seed timely at adequate prices. The income of marginal farmers will be increased by enhanced productivity, improved quality and reduced cost of seed planted.
Objectives and approaches
The overarching objective of this project is addressing underlying technological and social constraints to improve potato self-sufficiency in the state and help address income generation of small and marginal farmers. In addition, the project seeks to provide employment in the potato-related agricultural sector, improve livelihoods, and diversify food systems of poor farmers. Technical interventions will include the introduction of short duration abiotic (heat and drought) and biotic (bacterial wilt and late blight) tolerant potato varieties with locally produced quality potato seeds at affordable price. This will be integrated with improved production practices including better pest and disease management, weed control, and water and nutrient management strategies to maximize its impact on potato seed productivity and improve system sustainability.
The objectives of the proposal to Develop sustainable formal and informal potato seed systems locally in rice based seed system of North Bengal to improve income of marginal farmers and enhance food security and also to be self sufficient for potato seed at local level.
- Temporary net house for quality seed production established and working efficiency tested
- Farmer clubs start quality seed production locally
iii. Extension workers of Department of Agriculture and farmers trained on up scaling low cost technology and best production practices for potato seed production.